Wheat is grown on more land area than any other food crop (220.4 million hectares
, 2014). World trade in wheat is greater than for all other crops combined.
In 2017, world production of wheat was 772 million tonnes
, with a forecast of 2019 production at 766 million tonnes, making it the second most-produced cereal
. Since 1960, world production of wheat and other grain crops has tripled and is expected to grow further through the middle of the 21st century
Global demand for wheat is increasing due to the unique viscoelastic
and adhesive properties of gluten
proteins, which facilitate the production of processed foods, whose consumption is increasing as a result of the worldwide industrialization process and the westernization of the diet